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1993-09-13

The PLO--Israel Accord
                   13 September 1993


       Here is the text of the accord signed on
    Monday 13 September 1993 by the PLO and Israeli
    representatives.  According to the Los Angeles
    Times of 14 September (from which this is
    transcribed), it is a translation from a Hebrew
    text that was itself a translation from the
    English original.  The official text has not
    been released as of 14 September, but Israeli
    officials have confirmed the accuracy of this
    version.
       This transcription is by Don Bashford but is
    based on a transcript of an earlier copy by
    Fayez Abu-Hilal.  Don Bashford has checked the
    Abu-Hilal transcript against the LA Times
    version referred to above making changes to
    bring this transcript into agreement with the
    LA Times version.




DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES ON INTERIM SELF-GOVERNMENT
ARRANGEMENTS

The Government of the State of Israel and the PLO (in
the Jordanian-Palestinian delegation to the Middle East
Peace Conference) (the Palestinian delegation),
representing the Palestinian people agree that it is
time to put an end to decades of confrontation and
conflict, recognize their mutual legitimate and
political rights, and strive to live in peaceful
coexistence and mutual dignity and security to achieve
a just, lasting and comprehensive peace settlement and
historic reconciliation through the agreed political
process.  Accordingly, the two sides agree to the
following principles.


ARTICLE I:  Aim of the Negotiations

The aim of the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations within
the current Middle East peace process is, among other
things, to establish a Palestinian Interim
Self-Government Authority, the elected Council, (the
``Council'') for the Palestinian people in the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip, for a transitional period not
exceeding five years, leading to a permanent settlement
based on Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.

It is understood that the interim arrangements are an
integral part of the whole peace process and that the
negotiations on the permanent status will lead to the
implementation of Security Council Resolution 242 and
338.


ARTICLE II:  Framework for the Interim Period

The agreed framework for the interim period is set
forth in this declaration of principles.


ARTICLE III:  Elections

 1. In order that the Palestinian people in the West
    Bank and Gaza Strip may govern themselves according
    to democratic principles, direct, free and general
    political elections will be held for the Council
    under agreed supervision and international
    observation, while Palestinian police will ensure
    public order.

 2. An agreement will be concluded on the exact mode
    and conditions of the elections in accordance with
    the protocol attached as Annex I, with the goal of
    holding the elections not later than nine months
    after the entry into force of this Declaration of
    Principles.

 3. These elections will constitute a significant
    interim preparatory step toward the realization of
    the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people and
    their just requirements.


ARTICLE IV:  Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction of the Council will cover West Bank and
Gaza Strip territory, except for issues that will be
negotiated in the permanent status negotiations.  The
two sides view the West Bank and Gaza Strip as a single
territorial unit, whose integrity will be preserved
during the interim period.


ARTICLE V:  Transitional Period and Permanent Status
            Negotiations

 1. The five-year transitional period will begin upon
    the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and Jericho
    area.

 2. Permanent status negotiations will commence as soon
    as possible, but not later than the beginning of
    the third year of the interim period between the
    Government of Israel and the Palestinian people
    representatives.

 3. It is understood that these negotiations shall
    cover remaining issues, including:  Jerusalem,
    refugees, settlements, security arrangements,
    borders, relations and cooperation with other
    neighbors, and other issues of common interest.

 4. The two parties agreed that the outcome of the
    permanent status negotiations should not be
    prejudiced or preempted by agreements reached for
    the interim period.


ARTICLE VI:  Preparatory Transfer of Powers and
             Responsibilities

 1. Upon the entry into force of this Declaration of
    Principles and withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and
    the Jericho area, a transfer of authority from
    Israeli military government and its Civil
    Administration to the authorized Palestinians for
    this task, as detailed herein, will commence.  This
    transfer of authority will be of preparatory nature
    until the inauguration of the Council.

 2. Immediately after the entry into force of this
    Declaration of Principles and the withdrawal from
    the Gaza Strip and the Jericho area, with the view
    of promoting economic development in the West Bank
    and Gaza Strip, authority will be transferred to
    the Palestinians on the following spheres:
    education and culture, health, social welfare,
    direct taxation, and tourism.  The Palestinian side
    will commence in building the Palestinian police
    force, as agreed upon.  Pending the inauguration of
    the Council, the two parties may negotiate the
    transfer of additional powers and responsibilities,
    as agreed upon.


ARTICLE VII:  Interim Agreement

 1. The Israeli and Palestinian delegations will
    negotiate an agreement on the interim period (the
    ``Interim Agreement'').

 2. The Interim Agreement shall specify, among other
    things, the structure of the Council, the number of
    its members, and the transfer of powers and
    responsibilities from the Israeli military
    government and its Civil Administration to the
    Council.  The Interim Agreement shall also specify
    the Council's executive authority, legislative
    authority in accordance with Article IX below, and
    the independent Palestinian judicial organs.

 3. The Interim Agreement shall include arrangements,
    to be implemented upon the inauguration of the
    Council, for the assumption by the Council of all
    of the powers and responsibilities transferred
    previously in accordance with Article VI above.

 4. In order to enable the Council to promote economic
    growth, upon its inauguration, the Council will
    establish, among other things, a Palestinian
    Electricity Authority, a Gaza Sea Port Authority, a
    Palestinian Development Bank, a Palestinian Export
    Promotion Board, a Palestinian Environmental
    Authority, a Palestinian Land Authority and a
    Palestinian Water Administration Authority, and any
    other authorities agreed upon, in accordance with
    the Interim Agreement that will specify their
    powers and responsibilities.

 5. After the inauguration of the Council, the Civil
    Administration will be dissolved, and the Israeli
    military government will be withdrawn.


ARTICLE VIII:  Public Order and Security

In order to guarantee public order and internal
security for the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza
Strip, the Council will establish a strong police
force, while Israel will continue to carry the
responsibility for defending against external threats,
as well as the responsibility for overall security of
Israelis for the purpose of safeguarding their internal
security and public order.


ARTICLE IX:  Laws and Military Orders

 1. The Council will be empowered to legislate, in
    accordance with the Interim Agreement, within all
    authorities transferred to it.

 2. Both parties will review jointly laws and military
    orders presently in force in remaining spheres.


ARTICLE X:  Joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee

In order to provide for a smooth implementation of this
Declaration of Principles and any subsequent agreements
pertaining to the interim period, upon the entry into
force of this Declaration of Principles, a Joint
Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee will be
established in order to deal with issues requiring
coordination, other issues of common interest, and
disputes.


ARTICLE XI:  Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation in
             Economic Fields

Recognizing the mutual benefit of cooperation in
promoting the development of the West Bank, the Gaza
Strip and Israel, upon the entry into force of this
Declaration of Principles, an Israeli- Palestinian
Economic Cooperation Committee will be established in
order to develop and implement in a cooperative manner
the programs identified in the protocols attached as
Annex III and Annex IV.


ARTICLE XII:  Liaison and Cooperation with Jordan and
              Egypt

The two parties will invite the Governments of Jordan
and Egypt to participate in establishing further
liaison and cooperation arrangements between the
Government of Israel and the Palestinian
representatives on one hand, and the Governments of
Jordan and Egypt, on the other hand, to promote
cooperation between them.  These arrangements will
include the constitution of a Continuing Committee that
will decide by agreement on the modalities of admission
of persons displaced from the West Bank and Gaza Strip
in 1967, together with necessary measures to prevent
disruption and disorder.  Other matters of common
concern will be dealt with by the Committee.


ARTICLE XIII:  Redeployment of Israeli Forces

 1. After the entry into force of this Declaration of
    Principles, and not later than the eve of elections
    for the Council, a redeployment of Israeli military
    forces in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip will
    take place, in addition to withdrawal of Israeli
    forces carried out in accordance with Article XIV.

 2. In redeploying its military forces, Israel will be
    guided by the principle that its military forces
    should be redeployed outside populated areas.

 3. Further redeployments to specified location will be
    gradually implemented commensurate with the
    assumption of responsibility for public order and
    internal security by the Palestinian police force
    pursuant to Article VIII above.


ARTICLE XIV:  Israeli Withdrawal from the Gaza Strip
              and Jericho Area

Israel will withdraw from the Gaza Strip and Jericho
area, as detailed in the protocol attached as Annex II.


ARTICLE XV:  Resolution of Disputes

 1. Disputes arising out of the application or
    interpretation of the Declaration of Principles, or
    any subsequent agreements pertaining to the interim
    period, shall be resolved by negotiations through
    the Joint Liaison Committee to be established
    pursuant to Article X above.

 2. Disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations
    may be resolved by a mechanism of conciliation to
    be agreed upon by the parties.

 3. The parties may agree to submit to arbitration [of]
    disputes relating to the interim period, which
    cannot be settled through reconciliation.  To this
    end, upon the agreement of both parties, the
    parties will establish an Arbitration Committee.


ARTICLE XVI:  Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation
              Concerning Regional Programs

Both parties view the multilateral working groups as an
appropriate instrument for promoting a ``Marshall
Plan,'' the regional programs and other programs,
including special programs for the West Bank and Gaza
Strip, as indicated in the protocol attached as Annex
IV.


ARTICLE XVII:  Miscellaneous Provisions

 1. This Declaration of Principles will enter into
    force one month after its signing.

 2. All protocols annexed to this Declaration of
    Principles and Agreed Minutes pertaining thereto
    shall be regarded as an integral part hereof.


ANNEX I:  Protocol on the Mode and Conditions of
          Elections

 1. Palestinians of Jerusalem who live there will have
    the right to participate in the election process,
    according to an agreement between the two sides.

 2. In addition, the election agreement should cover,
    among other things, the following issues:

   (a) the system of elections;

   (b) the mode of the agreed supervision and
       international observation and their personal
       composition; and

   (c) rules and regulations regarding election
       campaign, including agreed arrangements for the
       organizing of mass media, and the possibility of
       licensing a broadcasting and TV station.

 3. The future status of displaced Palestinians who
    were registered on 4th June 1967 will not be
    prejudiced because they are unable to participate
    in the elections process due to practical reasons.


ANNEX II:  Protocol on Withdrawal of Israeli Forces
           from the Gaza Strip and Jericho Area

 1. The two sides will conclude and sign within two
    months from the date of entry into force of this
    Declaration of Principles, an agreement on the
    withdrawal of Israeli military forces from the Gaza
    Strip and the Jericho area.  This agreement will
    include comprehensive arrangements to apply in the
    Gaza Strip and the Jericho area subsequent to the
    Israeli withdrawal.

 2. Israel will implement an accelerated and scheduled
    withdrawal of Israeli military forces from the Gaza
   Strip and Jericho area, beginning immediately with
   the signing of the agreement on the Gaza Strip and
   Jericho area and to be completed within a period
   not exceeding four months after the signing of this
   agreement.

3. The above agreement will include, among other
   things:

  (a) Arrangements for a smooth and peaceful transfer
      of authority from the Israeli military
      government and its Civil Administration to the
      Palestinian representatives.

  (b) Structure, powers and responsibilities of the
      Palestinian authority in these areas, except:
      external security, settlements, Israelis,
      foreign relations, and other mutually agreed
      matters.

  (c) Arrangements for the assumption of internal
      security and public order by the Palestinian
      police force consisting of police officers
      recruited locally and from abroad (holding
      Jordanian passports and Palestinian documents
      issued by Egypt).  Those who will participate in
      the Palestinian police force coming from abroad
      should be trained as police and police officers.

  (d) A temporary international or foreign presence,
      as agreed upon.

  (e) Establishment of a joint Palestinian-Israeli
      Coordination and Cooperation Committee for
      mutual security purposes.

  (f) An economic development and stabilization
      program, including the establishment of an
      Emergency Fund, to encourage foreign investment,
      and financial and economic support.  Both sides
      will coordinate and cooperate jointly and
      unilaterally with regional and international
      parties to support these aims.
   (g) Arrangements for a safe passage for persons and
       transportation between the Gaza Strip and
       Jericho area.

 4. The above agreement will include arrangements for
    coordination between both parties regarding
    passages:

   (a) Gaza--Egypt; and

   (b) Jericho--Jordan

 5. The offices responsible for carrying out the powers
    and responsibilities of the Palestinian authority
    under this Annex II and Articles VI of the
    Declaration of Principles will be located in the
    Gaza Strip and in the Jericho area pending the
    inauguration of the Council.

 6. Other than these agreed arrangements, the status of
    the Gaza Strip and Jericho area will continue to be
    an integral part of the West Bank and Gaza Strip,
    and will not be changed in the interim period.


ANNEX III:  Protocol on Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation
            in Economic and Development Programs

The two sides agree to establish and
Israeli-Palestinian Continuing Committee for Economic
Cooperation, focusing, among other things, on the
following:

 1. Cooperation in the field of water, including a
    Water Development Program prepared by experts from
    both sides, which will also specify the mode of
    cooperation in the management of water resources in
    the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and will include
    proposals for studies and plans on water rights of
    each party, as well as on the equitable utilization
    of joint water resources for implementation in and
    beyond the interim period.

2. Cooperation in the field of electricity, including
   an Electricity Development Program, which will also
   specify the mode of cooperation for the production
   for the production, maintenance, purchase and sale
   of electricity resources.

3. Cooperation in the field of energy, including an
   Energy Development Program, which will provide for
   the exploitation of oil and gas for industrial
   purposes, particularly in the Gaza Strip and the
   Negev, and will encourage further joint
   exploitation of other energy resources.  This
   program may also provide for the construction of a
   petrochemical industrial complex in the Gaza Strip
   and the construction of oil and gas pipelines.

4. Cooperation in the field of finance, including a
   Financial Development and Action Program for the
   encouragement of international investment in the
   West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and in Israel, as
   well as the establishment of a Palestinian
   Development Bank.

5. Cooperation in the field of transport and
   communications, including a program, which will
   define guidelines for the establishment of a Gaza
   Sea Port area, and will provide for the
   establishing of transport and communications lines
   to and from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to
   Israel and to other countries.  In addition, this
   program will provide for carrying out the necessary
   construction of roads, railways, communications
   lines, etc.

6. Cooperation in the field of trade, including
   studies, and Trade Promotion Programs, which will
   encourage local, regional and inter-regional trade,
   as well as a feasibility study of crating free
   trade zones in the Gaza Strip and in Israel, mutual
   access to these zones, and cooperation in other
   areas related to trade and commerce.


 7. Cooperation in the field of industry, including
    Industrial Development Programs, which will provide
    for the establishment of joint Israeli-Palestinian
    Industrial Research and Development Centers, will
    promote Palestinian-Israeli joint ventures, and
    provide guidelines for cooperation in the textile,
    food, pharmaceutical, electronics, diamonds,
    computer and science-based industries.

 8. A program for cooperation in, and regulation of,
    labor relations and cooperation in social welfare
    issues.

 9. A Human Resources Development and Cooperation Plan,
    providing for joint Israeli-Palestinian workshops
    and seminars, and for the establishment of joint
    vocational training centers, research institutes
    and data banks.

10. An environmental Protection Plan, providing for
    joint and/or coordinated measure in this sphere.

11. A program for developing coordination and
    cooperation in the field of communication and
    media.

12. Any other programs of mutual interest.


ANNEX IV:  Protocol on Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation
           Concerning Regional Development Programs

 1. The two sides will cooperate in the context of the
    multilateral peace efforts in promoting a
    development program for the region, including the
    West Bank and the Gaza Strip, to be initiated by
    the G-7.  The parties will request the G-7 to seek
    the participation in this program of other
    interested states, such as members of the
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and
    Development, regional Arab states and institutions,
    as well as members of the private sector.

2. The Development Program will consist of two
   elements:

  (a) an Economic Development Program for the West
      Bank and Gaza Strip.

  (b) a Regional Economic Development Program.


  (A) The Economic Development Program for the West
      Bank and the Gaza Strip will consist of the
      following elements:

      1. A Social Rehabilitation Program, including a
         Housing and Construction Program.

      2. A Small and Medium Business Development Plan.

      3. An Infrastructure Development Program (water,
         electricity, transportation and
         communications, etc.)

      4. A Human Resources Plan.

      5. Other programs.

  (B) The Regional Economic Development Program may
      consist of the following elements:

      1. The establishment of a Middle East
         Development Fund, as a first step, and a
         Middle East Development Bank, as a second
         step.

      2. The development of a joint
         Israeli-Palestinian- Jordanian Plan for
         coordinated exploitation of the Dead Sea
         area.

      3. The Mediterranean Sea (Gaza) -- Dead Sea
         Canal.


       4. Regional Desalination and other water
          development projects.

       5. A regional plan for agricultural development,
          including a coordinated regional effort for
          the prevention of desertification.

       6. Interconnection of electricity grids.

       7. Regional cooperation for the transfer,
          distribution and industrial exploitation of
          gas, oil and other energy resources.

       8. A Regional Tourism, Transportation and
          Telecommunications Development Plan.

       9. Regional cooperation in other spheres.


 3. The two sides will encourage the multi-lateral
    working groups, and will coordinate towards its
    success.  The two parties will encourage
    inter-sessional activities, as well as
    prefeasibility and feasibility studies, within the
    various multilateral working groups.


AGREED MINUTES TO THE DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES ON
INTERIM SELF-GOVERNMENT ARRANGEMENTS

A  General Understandings and Agreements

Any powers and responsibilities transferred to the
Palestinians pursuant to the Declaration of Principles
prior to the inauguration of the Council will be
subject to the same principles pertaining to Article
IV, as set out in these Agreed Minutes below.


B  Specific Understandings and Agreements

Article IV  It is understood that:

 1. Jurisdiction of the Council will cover West Bank
    and Gaza Strip territory, except for issues that
    will be negotiated in the permanent status
    negotiations:  Jerusalem, settlements, military
    locations, and Israelis.

 2. The Council's jurisdiction will apply with regard
    to the agreed powers, responsibilities, spheres and
    authorities transferred to it.


Article VI(2)  It is agreed that the transfer of
authority will be as follows:

 1. The Palestinian side will inform the Israeli side
    of the names of the authorized Palestinians who
    will assume the powers, authorities and
    responsibilities that will be transferred to the
    Palestinians according to the Declaration of
    Principles in the following fields:  education and
    culture, health, social welfare, direct taxation,
    tourism and any other authorities agreed upon.

 2. It is understood that the rights and obligations of
    these offices will not be affected.

 3. Each of the spheres described above will continue
    to enjoy existing budgetary allocations in
    accordance with arrangements to be mutually agreed
    upon.  These arrangements also will provide for the
    necessary adjustments required in order to take
    into account the taxes collected by the direct
    taxation office.

 4. Upon the execution of the Declaration of
    Principles, the Israeli and Palestinian delegations
    will immediately commence negotiations on a
    detailed plan for the transfer of authority on the
    above offices in accordance with the above
    understandings.



Article VII(2)  The Interim Agreement will also include
arrangements for coordination and cooperation.


Article VII(5)  The withdrawal of the military
government will not prevent Israel from exercising the
powers and responsibilities not transferred to the
Council.


Article VIII  It is understood that the Interim
Agreement will include arrangements for cooperation and
coordination between the two parties in this regard.
It is also agreed that the transfer of powers and
responsibilities to the Palestinian police will be
accomplished in a phased manner, as agreed in the
Interim Agreement.



Article X  It is agreed that, upon the entry into force
of the Declaration of Principles, the Israeli and
Palestinian delegations will exchange the names of the
individuals designated by them as members of the Joint
Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee.

It is further agreed that each side will have an equal
number of members in the Joint Committee.  The Joint
Committee will reach decisions by agreement.  The Joint
Committee may add other technicians and experts, as
necessary.  The Joint Committee will decide on the
frequency and place or places of its meetings.


Annex II  It is understood that, subsequent to the
Israeli withdrawal, Israel will continue to be
responsible for external security, and for internal
security and public order of settlements and Israelis.
Israeli military forces and civilians may continue to
use roads freely within the Gaza Strip and the Jericho
area.




 




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